浦城| 岢岚| 吴中| 番禺| 裕民| 路桥| 湖口| 石棉| 北川| 恒山| 无棣| 滨州| 南陵| 阿克陶| 杞县| 唐山| 五常| 淇县| 普定| 寿宁| 莱山| 朝阳县| 北川| 南宫| 汉源| 横峰| 汤旺河| 冕宁| 中江| 普陀| 杂多| 宁阳| 萧县| 乌伊岭| 桦川| 麟游| 南康| 绥江| 务川| 通海| 东丽| 海兴| 花溪| 星子| 平罗| 嘉善| 定日| 五河| 井陉矿| 靖远| 忻城| 泾阳| 台中县| 合阳| 宜兴| 阿瓦提| 普兰| 石嘴山| 古县| 上甘岭| 彰武| 正镶白旗| 陆良| 吉隆| 汾西| 丰润| 文登| 连城| 赫章| 延吉| 静乐| 鲅鱼圈| 河南| 沙坪坝| 泾县| 乌达| 敖汉旗| 平顶山| 丰南| 根河| 惠东| 红安| 浚县| 吉安县| 龙门| 灵璧| 梁平| 景泰| 珙县| 澄城| 薛城| 武威| 灵川| 中宁| 莘县| 荆门| 运城| 酒泉| 卓尼| 犍为| 遵义市| 呈贡| 胶南| 平乐| 三水| 沈阳| 信阳| 宜章| 项城| 肇庆| 易县| 莘县| 南溪| 定州| 吴江| 雷州| 大悟| 围场| 库伦旗| 兰州| 元江| 六枝| 融水| 慈溪| 南投| 汤阴| 永登| 慈溪| 广饶| 阿荣旗| 河间| 江阴| 林芝县| 新邱| 屏东| 临高| 桂林| 玉屏| 石林| 金州| 大宁| 昔阳| 南澳| 杜集| 铜陵县| 连城| 项城| 江陵| 琼山| 谢通门| 泾源| 井陉矿| 台北县| 安多| 镇原| 新丰| 松原| 射阳| 临潼| 静宁| 磴口| 阿鲁科尔沁旗| 黄冈| 梓潼| 梧州| 海淀| 阳泉| 南昌县| 古冶| 三原| 永善| 华蓥| 景宁| 天柱| 苍南| 富平| 岗巴| 吉水| 东阿| 长武| 称多| 修武| 青河| 平泉| 蛟河| 济南| 博湖| 闻喜| 惠来| 五台| 江津| 昌都| 萨迦| 紫金| 沁水| 兴城| 富平| 潢川| 宁阳| 青海| 通河| 大方| 额敏| 策勒| 贞丰| 玉门| 习水| 内乡| 阜新市| 邯郸| 宜黄| 潜山| 滨海| 琼结| 阿瓦提| 孟连| 延长| 刚察| 连山| 仁化| 兴县| 册亨| 从化| 六合| 瑞安| 顺德| 苏尼特左旗| 和县| 澄城| 曹县| 张湾镇| 唐山| 肃南| 和林格尔| 霍邱| 舞阳| 嘉黎| 布尔津| 商河| 广元| 平武| 元阳| 黄平| 瑞安| 萧县| 旬阳| 崇左| 长垣| 海安| 同心| 沿河| 嵩明| 土默特左旗| 绛县| 广安| 凤阳| 柞水| 永清| 峨边| 衡水| 阿巴嘎旗| 溆浦| 沂南|

东丽将收购荷兰碳纤维加工巨头TACHD

2019-07-22 02:08 来源:搜狐健康

  东丽将收购荷兰碳纤维加工巨头TACHD

  GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)

PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)AbirdrestsonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)AbirdrestsonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)AbirdrestsonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)AbirdrestsonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)TwobirdsrestonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)

  ChinesePresidentXiJinping(6thR,front)posesforagroupphotowithotherleadersandguestsaheadofthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/GaoJie)ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairsthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/LiXueren)ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairsthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/LiXueren)The18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)isheldinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/DingLin)XiJinping,presidentofChinathatholdstherotatingpresidencyoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO),addressesajointpressconferenceattheSCOsummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,,KazakhPresidentNursultanNazarbayev,KyrgyzPresidentSooronbayJeenbekov,PakistaniPresidentMamnoonHussain,RussianPresidentVladimirPutin,TajikPresidentEmomaliRahmonandUzbekPresidentShavkatMirziyoyevalsoattendedthepressconference.(Xinhua/YanYan)(CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)ChinasvicecommerceministeronWednesdayrefutedclaimsthatChinawastheonethatstartedthe"tradewar"byforcingforeignfirmstosharetechnology,callingit"fakenews"and"groundless.""ThereisnolawinChinathatforcesforeignfirmstotransfertheirtechnologytotheirChinesepartners,",itiscompletelyinlinewithWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)rulesforChinatoaskforeigninvestorstoestablishjointventureenterpriseswhenenteringcertainChineseindustries,eementswithoutgovernmentintervention,(IPR),notingthatthecountryhasimproveditslegalandadministrativransferpractices,theUnitedStateshasbreacheditspromisesthatitwillnotdeterminewhetherothercountrieshaveviolatedWTOruleswiththeSection301investigationunilaterallyandwilldealwithtradedisputesstrictlyinaccordancewithWTOprocedures,hesaid."WhohasactuallystartedthetradewarTheanswerisself-evident,"theviceministersaid.  

ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)

  TheHospitalforCulturalRelics,astate-of-the-artpreservationcenterdesignedtoprotectandtreatnationaltreasuresatBeijingsPalaceMuseum,openedtothepubliconatrialbasisonSaturday,coincidingwithChina,whomadereservationsinadvanceviathemuseumswebsite,iningthepreservationprocessindetailtovisitors."Thevolunteershelpvisitorsrealizetheimportanceofprotectingandrestoringrelics,"saidShanJixiang,nlinereservationsinthenearfuture,withvi,witharound200professionalrestorers,isChina,includingpaintingsandcalligraphy,porcelain,bronzeworks,furniture,signedtodi,Shansaid,relicswi,notingitscomposition,originaluse,damage,,whowereselectedfromamong871candidates,aremainlyteachers,,ascreenwriter,vo,sheintroducedatableplaqueintheshapeoftheChinesecharactershou(longevity)thatdatesbacktothereignofEmperorYongzheng(1722-35).Itwasrecentlyrestored,andshepointedoutthedetailedworkrestorershaddonetorepairitsred-crownedcranedecoration.",Ifeelaconnectionbeyondtheages,""Thekeyistomaintainapersonalstylewhilebetterconveyingpracticalinformationtovisitors,",avolunteerandChinaRadioInternationalbroadcaster,sa,atimepiecerestorerwhorosetofameafterthe2016documentaryandwhohastutoredvolunteers,said:"Thevolunteersareinhighspirits,andvisitorstrulyappreciatetheirhelp."PengDai,acollegestudentmajoringinChinesemusicalinstruments,said:"Astheyoungergeneration,wecannotbesatisfiedbyjus,withvolunteersexplanations,canprovideuswithmoreknowledgesothatifwereinterested,weknowhowtostudyfurther."Asavisitor,Penghasbeenl,,ChinadesignatedthesecondSaturdayofJuneastheannualCulturalandNaturalHeritageDaytoraiseawarenessofnationaltreasures.

  SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)

  AmancarrieshiswifewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)MencarrytheirwivesoveranobstaclewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)MencarrytheirwivesoverawaterobstaclewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)MencarrytheirwivesoverawaterobstaclewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)AmancarrieshiswifewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  FolkartistZhangBinmakesdoughfigurinesinanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)PeoplevisitChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)ApersonvisitsChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)InkstoneamateurscompeteinaninkstonecarvingcontestinWuyuan,eastChinasJiangxiProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/SongZhenping)AchildgetshissugarpaintinginanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)AfolkartistcommunicateswithonlineaudienceinnorthChinasTianjinMunicipality,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LiRan)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)

  Arobotpatrolsthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitonThursday.(Photo:LiHao/GT)WiththeapproachoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,volunteersprovideassistanceforin,“66”,securityrobot“Haihai”anddeliveryrobot“DianXiaoer.”Securityrobot“Haihai”cancarryout24-hourautonhemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersworkatthemediacenterreceptiondeskofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersstandatattentioninthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)JournalistsprepareinthemediacenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)

  Eightetiquettevolunteersposeforaphotoatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng),2008showsJiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifangasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao;LowerphototakenonJune5,2018showsthecoupleasvolunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,inQingdao,eastChina,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Photo/Xinhua)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guideatouristinWendengRoadinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,giveouthandbooksatMingxialuCommunityinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,gatheratMingxialuCommunityfortraininginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(3rdR)andhiswifeLianShifang(2ndR),volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guidepassengersatabusstopinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)EtiquetteteacherLuMin(1stR)instructsvolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Eightetiquettevolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitpracticeinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

  AbirdrestsonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)AbirdrestsonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)AbirdrestsonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)AbirdrestsonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)TwobirdsrestonthestemofalotusflowerintheHuangshanscenicareainAnhuiprovinceonJune10,,astemperaturescontinuetorise.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)TeachersencourageexamineesatanexamvenueinGuiyang,capitalofsouthwestChinasGuizhouProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/TaoLiang)ExamineeswaittoenteranexamvenueatLhasaMiddleSchoolinLhasa,capitalofsouthwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LiuDongjun)AteacherdistributesIDcardsandstationerytoexamineesatanexamvenueinChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChinasSichuanProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/JiangHongjing),capitalofeastChinasAnhuiProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ZhangDuan)AstaffmemberchecksthecredentialsofexamineesatanexamvenueinBeijing,capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LuoXiaoguang)AnexamineeclapshandswithherteacherbeforeenteringanexamvenueinXian,capitalofnorthwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ZhangBowen)ExamineesenteranexamvenueatHainanMiddleSchoolinHaikou,capitalofsouthChinasHainanProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/GuoCheng)AstudentencouragesexamineesatanexamvenueinBeijing,capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)

  

  东丽将收购荷兰碳纤维加工巨头TACHD

 
责编:

李宇嘉:解决“类住宅”关键在于土地市场化改革

2019-07-22 09:34
来源:每日经济新闻

五一小长假之前,上海市发布了《关于加强本市经营性用地出让管理的若干规定》,要求办公用地不得建设公寓式办公,商业用地未经约定不得建设酒店式公寓等“类住宅”;土地出让合同要明确商办持有比例和年限,持有期内不得转让;经营性物业要明确长期持有的比例;社区或住宅配套商业要长期持有。

这并不是一个孤例。此前在3月份,北京和广州就曾发布打击“类住宅”的一揽子政策,从销售对象(仅限企业)、设计报建(限制最小分割单位)、暂停贷款、停止项目审批等几个死角,全面堵死“类住宅”的生存空间。

“类住宅”缘何泛滥,地方政府为何要果断出手呢?

首先,商业办公(有其城市外围)租或售,都存在资金回笼周期长、利润不高的问题,商办用地建“类住宅”,对开发商而言是利润最大化和尽快收回投资的选择。

其次,互联网冲击实体商业,大城市产业升级(现代服务业贡献率超过70%),商办空间需求明显下降,商办项目很难招商,土地也很难卖个好价钱。

再次,住宅项目要配给公共服务设施,教育、医疗类设施还要独立供地。对于空间逼仄的北上广等大城市来说,住宅项目对政府和开发企业的压力较大。而“类住宅”项目不仅不需要配建公共设施,还享受住宅溢价。

最后,近年来一线城市人口涌入,住宅需求旺盛。房价“上台阶”,限购政策强化后,不限购和价格较低的“类住宅”就应运而生。2016年,北京和上海类住宅销售均价分别为每平方米29770元和25700元,仅相当于同期商品住房均价的72%和56%。由此,“类住宅”火爆就不难理解。

尽管“类住宅”客观上有生存空间,也补充了住宅需求,但其最大的问题是违反了土地用途管制、城市分区规划,造成城市生活和生产功能混杂,人为降低用地效率,并导致“城市病”更加突出。目前,“类住宅”主要集中的城市外围,本来基本规划为商业办公的区域,却集中了大量居住人口,加重了配套压力。区域内小商小贩、私立学校医院散点式无序分布,从外围到中心区的各条道路和轨交、换乘站点拥挤不堪。另外,“类住宅”泛滥导致京沪等大城市人口和空间“紧约束”政策失效。

近年来,京沪等城市在人口、土地供应上,均采取“减量发展”的政策。但是,“类住宅”以其不限购、低价格优势,成为外来人口“扎根”京沪的选择,而人口增加也倒逼城市空间扩张。

出现“类住宅”乱象,其中一个直接原因是基于政绩的规划。基于区域形象和短期GDP及税收政绩考核的考量,城市各区都有出让商办用地、建设商业办公中心甚至CBD的激励,但外围商办招商困难、经营困难。笔者调研,京沪深城市外围区域,商办项目除一楼底商餐饮、儿童娱乐还算景气外,二楼及以上空置现象比较严重。

监管不严是另一个直接原因。住宅销售能更快地赚钱、更快回笼资金、配套压力更少,更易于让土地卖个好价钱,部分地方政府对此也是“睁一只眼闭一只眼”。于是,开发商在规划报建和审批阶段便为今后切割改造留下方便之门,而批后用途监管大多形同虚设。

不过,“类住宅”乱象真正的根源还在于用地。大城市产业结构升级很快、人口迁入很快,工业和传统商办用地的单位空间产出效率下降,用地供应理应向现代服务业及需求更大的住宅倾斜。

目前,包括一线城市在内,我国大城市40%~50%的存量用地为工商业用地,住宅用地不足20%,而国际大城市刚好相反。原则上,土地所有者要追求更高产出和更高地租回报,工商和传统商办用地就会被现代服务业、居住用地所替代。同时,土地用途周期(最少40年)一般大于产业周期。互联网冲击下,产业由盛转衰或被消灭的周期也缩短了,客观上存在着调整土地功能的需要。但在我国,用地功能转换并无这样的市场化倒逼机制。

对此,各地需要对用地功能进行调整,对于涉及区域规划的调整须经政府审批程序,召开听证会,重签土地出让合同并备案;另一方面,用地功能调整涉及企业转制,转作住宅要补缴土地出让金,增加公共配套支出,但原用地主体很多是国企,转制困难、无力补缴地价,很多企业往往还希望“借地生财”,导致功能转换停滞。

于是,城市外围就批出了大量工商业用地,而原有工业、商办也难以盘活,导致住宅用地紧缩,也由于外围工商业“不经济”而导致“类住宅”泛滥。

因此,解决“类住宅”,一方面在于刚性的存量土地盘活机制,以地均产值、就业人口为刚性指标,建立划拨类工业用地和园区腾退红线,触及红线的工业用地和园区一律收回;另一方面,应加快推进土地要素市场化改革,减少地方政府基于短期经济和业绩考虑的用地行为;最后,要加快推进制造业去产能,腾出无效占地。(作者为深圳市房地产研究中心研究员)

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